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Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 6

Posted by on Jul 2nd, 2019 in Tree Maintenance | Comments Off on Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 6

Pruning cuts should be made so that only branch tissue is removed and stem tissue is not damaged. At the point where the branch attaches to the stem, branch and stem tissues remain separate but are contiguous. If only branch tissues are cut when pruning, the stem tissues of the tree will probably not become decayed, and the wound will seal more effectively. To find the proper place to cut a branch, look for the branch collar that grows from the stem tissue at the underside of the base of the branch. On the upper surface, there is usually a...

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Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 5

Posted by on Jul 2nd, 2019 in Tree Maintenance | Comments Off on Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 5

On young trees “temporary” branches may be retained along the stem to encourage taper and protect trees from vandalism and sunscald. Less vigorous shoots should be selected as temporary branches and should be about 10 to 15 cm apart along the stem. They should be pruned annually to slow their growth and should be removed eventually. Crown raising—branches to be removed are shaded in blue; pruning cuts should be made where indicated with red lines. The ratio of live crown to total tree height should be at least two-thirds. Crown reduction...

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Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 4

Posted by on Jul 2nd, 2019 in Tree Maintenance | Comments Off on Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 4

Lateral branches should be no more than one-half to three-quarters of the diameter of the stem at the point of attachment. Avoid producing “lion’s tails,” tufts of branches and foliage at the ends of branches, caused by removing all inner lateral branches and foliage. Lion’s tails can result in sunscalding. Types of branch unions abundant epicormic sprouts, and weak branch structure and breakage. Branches that rub or cross another branch should be removed. Conifers that have branches in whorls and pyramidal crowns rarely need crown...

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Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 3

Posted by on Jul 2nd, 2019 in Tree Maintenance | Comments Off on Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 3

Pruning Approaches Producing strong structure should be the emphasis when pruning young trees. As trees mature, the aim of pruning will shift to maintaining tree structure, form, health and appearance. Proper pruning cuts are made at a node, the point at which one branch or twig attaches to another. In the spring of the year growth begins at buds, and twigs grow until a new node is formed. The length of a branch between nodes is called an internode. Crown thinning, primarily for hardwoods, is the selective removal of branches to  increase...

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Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 2

Posted by on Jul 2nd, 2019 in Tree Maintenance | Comments Off on Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 2

All woody plants shed branches in response to shading and competition. Branches that do not produce enough carbohydrates from photosynthesis to sustain themselves die and are eventually shed; the resulting wounds are sealed by woundwood (callus). Branches that are poorly attached may be broken off by wind and accumulation of snow and ice. Branches removed by such natural forces often result in large, ragged wounds that rarely seal. Pruning as a cultural practice can be used to supplement or replace these natural processes and increase the...

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Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 1

Posted by on Jul 2nd, 2019 in Tree Maintenance | Comments Off on Tree Pruning For Beginners – June 2019: Part 1

The objective of pruning is to produce strong, healthy, attractive plants. By understanding how, when and why to prune, and by following a few simple principles, this objective can be achieved. Reasons For Pruning The main reasons for pruning ornamental and shade trees include safety, health, and aesthetics. In addition, pruning can be used to stimulate fruit production and increase the value of timber. Pruning for safety involves removing branches that could fall and cause injury or property damage, trimming branches that interfere with lines...

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May 2019 Stump Removal Part 6: Proper Disposal

Posted by on May 30th, 2019 in Stump Removal | Comments Off on May 2019 Stump Removal Part 6: Proper Disposal

Getting rid of a tree stump can be done a few different ways.  If you need to get rid of a stump that you’ve dug out of the ground, you can either take a chainsaw to it, burn it where it sits, or just cut out chunks and toss them into a wood chipper. Getting It Done With A Chainsaw If you use a chainsaw to bust up a wood stump, you will want to make sure you use a chainsaw that is big enough to handle the task.  Also, you will need to make sure you have the proper gloves, eye protection, and protective clothing. After you have successfully...

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May 2019 Stump Removal Part 5: Using Fire

Posted by on May 30th, 2019 in Stump Removal | Comments Off on May 2019 Stump Removal Part 5: Using Fire

One of the most crowd favorite ways of getting rid of a stump is to burn the stump out of the ground. In reality, this method is less than perfect, since stumps set deep in the ground rarely receive enough oxygen to facilitate a fire that actually makes a measurable difference in eliminating the stump from your property. In fact, a low oxygen burn can instead create a charcoal material that is almost impossible to decompose and remove. Burning can be used to get rid of tree stumps, but this method is rarely done except by professional...

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May 2019 Stump Removal Part 4: Chemical Removal

Posted by on May 30th, 2019 in Stump Removal | Comments Off on May 2019 Stump Removal Part 4: Chemical Removal

Drill Holes In The Stump Trim off as much of the top of the protruding stump as you can. Using a one inch spade bit with a spade bit extender, drill several one inch holes around the perimeter of the stump about a foot deep and three to four inches back from the edge. Drill more holes three to four inches down from the rim at a 45-degree angle to connect with the other holes. They’ll provide vent holes for burning or help the rotting process. You could remove a stump by renting a stump grinder, but another way is to buy a can of stump...

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May 2019 Stump Removal Part 3: Doing It By Hand

Posted by on May 30th, 2019 in Stump Removal | Comments Off on May 2019 Stump Removal Part 3: Doing It By Hand

Removing a Stump by Grinding it Away Yourself If removing a stump manually won’t work and you’d like to get rid of it quickly, you can always rent a grinder and grind the stump yourself. These machines weigh around 750 pounds, and you can expect to pay between $125 and $225 to rent one for a day. It makes sense to do the job yourself when there are several stumps to remove. In addition to the grinder, you will need a mattack, a shovel, a rake, and a chainsaw. Use a shovel or mattock to clear rocks away from around the stump. Cut away as...

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