• Free Bids! 509.943.7032

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    Top Tree Service LLC serves the Tri-Cities and surrounding areas, including Richland, Kennewick, Pasco, Burbank, Ellensburg, Benton City, and Wenatchee. Call 509.943.7032 for your FREE estimate today! When you contact Top Tree Service LLC, we will schedule an appointment for an arborist to meet with you and do a walk through of your property. This allows us to discuss and address the health and safety of your trees as well as answer any questions that you might have.
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  • Knowledge and Experience

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    Ryan Hone and Top Tree Service LLC have been serving the Tri-Cities and surrounding areas since 2004. They have all of the necessary knowledge, training, and equipment to properly care for your trees. Safety is a priority for both your property and our employees.
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  • What We Do

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    At Top Tree Service LLC, we have made it our mission to practice quality tree care work with an emphasis on proper pruning to ISA standards. Trees are valuable natural resources, to both the community and to our customers. We do everything that we can to help maintain those resources in a cost effective way that benefits our customers, their property, and the trees.
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We’re good at it.

  • We’ve been working with trees for a long time. Our team has over 25 years of combined experience.
  • We have the experience, the training, and the tools.
  • We know the Mid-Columbia area and climate, and what helps trees here thrive.
  • We clean up afterwards. You won’t find a mess when we are through.

We know trees.

      • We live here and know the soil and climate
      • We are trained
      • Experienced
      • Fully equipped
      • ISA certified
      • Insure

        We care.STOP topping trees!

        • DO NOT “top” your trees. We know how to prune trees properly to ensure their health, protect their value, and keep them beautiful for years to come.
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Protect your property from wildfires.

  • Clear away dead leaves and brush. Remove all dead leaves and needles from the roof, gutters, and yard.
  • Remove low-hanging limbs from trees, raising the canopy to 6′ off the ground.
  • Remove branches overhanging the roof or coming within 10′ of a chimney.
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Here at Top Tree LLC, we offer our guidance, experience, and knowledge to all of our clients and potential clients with a high level of passion.  We look forward to talking shop with you and no matter what, we welcome any questions you have regarding your trees and plants on your property.

Mulching

Mulching can reduce environmental stress by providing trees with a more moderate root environment that has fewer temperature and moisture extremes than the surrounding soil. Mulch reduces competition from weeds and grass and prevents mechanical damage by keeping lawn care equipment away from the tree’s base. Mulches made from plant matter, such as shredded leaves, pine straw, peat moss, or composted wood chips, will add nutrients to the soil as they decompose and help improve overall soil biology. To be most effective, mulch should be placed 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) deep and cover as much of the root system as possible. (Roots can extend as far as 2 or 3 times the diameter of the branch spread of the tree.) When placing mulch, care should be taken not to cover the actual trunk of the tree. A mulch-free area around the base that is 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm) wide is sufficient to avoid overly moist bark conditions.

Soil Management

Soil management is another important aspect of mature tree care. Urban landscape trees often exist in soils that lack the nutrients, pH (acidity or alkalinity), drainage, or pore space (air and water space) needed for growth and development. Proper fertilization based on plant needs can correct many deficiencies that limit growth. Sometimes soil nutrients may be sufficient, but soil pH levels may prevent plant uptake. In this case, soil amendments, such as sulfur, lime, and even some mulches, can alter soil chemistry and help alleviate plant stress.

Drainage systems or grading can help correct saturated soil conditions, although trenching or earthmoving activities within the tree’s root zone may cause more harm than good. Compacted soils can be tilled mechanically or with compressed air to increase porosity and encourage root growth. Care must be taken when loosening soil under the drip zone to avoid root damage.

When dealing with a mature tree that provides considerable benefit and value to your landscape, it is worth the time and investment to have the soil tested for nutrient content and texture. An arborist can arrange to have your soil tested at a soil testing laboratory and recommend treatments based on the results.

Going Forward With Your Tree Care

We look forward to helping you with all of your tree removal and tree trimming needs. When, and if,  you have any questions about your trees, shrubs, or any other greenery on your property, we can help. We look forward to hearing from you soon because we are your Burbank tree maintenance specialists.

home title

Here at Top Tree LLC, we offer our guidance, experience, and knowledge to all of our clients and potential clients with a high level of passion.  We look forward to talking shop with you and no matter what, we welcome any questions you have regarding your trees and plants on your property.

Tree Inspection

Regular tree inspections can catch changes in a tree’s health before a disease, insect, or environmental problem becomes too serious to address. Ideally, mature trees should be inspected at least once a year to assess four characteristics of tree vitality: new leaf or bud formation, leaf size, twig growth, and absence of crown dieback (gradual death of the upper part of the tree).

Growth reduction is a fairly reliable cue that the tree’s health has recently changed. An experienced arborist can look at twig growth from past years to determine whether there is a reduction in the tree’s typical growth pattern.

Further signs of poor tree health are trunk decay, crown dieback, or both. These symptoms often indicate problems that began several years before. Loose bark, deformed growths, and conks (mushrooms) are common signs of stem decay.

Any abnormalities found during these inspections, such as insect activity and/or spotted, deformed, discolored, or dead leaves and twigs, should be noted and monitored closely. If you are uncertain about what to do, report your findings to your local ISA Certified Arborist or other tree care professional for advice on treatment options.

Going Forward With Your Tree Care

We look forward to helping you with all of your tree removal and tree trimming needs. When, and if,  you have any questions about your trees, shrubs, or any other greenery on your property, we can help. We look forward to hearing from you soon because we are your Benton City tree maintenance specialists.

home title

Here at Top Tree LLC, we offer our guidance, experience, and knowledge to all of our clients and potential clients with a high level of passion.  We look forward to talking shop with you and no matter what, we welcome any questions you have regarding your trees and plants on your property.

Mature Tree Care

Learn procedures specific to a routine maintenance program for mature tree care, including tree inspection, mulching, fertilization, pruning, and tree removal.

Think of tree care as an investment. A healthy tree increases in value with age and pays big dividends by increasing property values, beautifying our surroundings, purifying our air, and saving energy by providing cooling shade from summer’s heat and protection from winter’s wind.

Regular preventative maintenance, designed to promote tree health and structural integrity, ensures a tree’s value will continue to grow and prevents the development of more costly problems in the future. An effective maintenance program, including regular inspections and necessary follow-up care such as pruning, mulching, fertilizing, and additional soil management can identify problems and correct them before they become damaging or fatal.

Going Forward With Your Tree Care

We look forward to helping you with all of your tree removal and tree trimming needs. When, and if,  you have any questions about your trees, shrubs, or any other greenery on your property, we can help. We look forward to hearing from you soon because we are your Pasco tree maintenance specialists.

home title

Here at Top Tree LLC, we offer our guidance, experience, and knowledge to all of our clients and potential clients with a high level of passion.  We look forward to talking shop with you and no matter what, we welcome any questions you have regarding your trees and plants on your property.

Insects and Disease

Chewing insects eat plant tissue such as leaves, flowers, buds, roots, and twigs. Damage by these insects is often defined by uneven or broken margins on the leaves, skeletonization of the leaves, and leaf mining. Chewing insects include beetle adults or larvae, moth larvae, and many other types of insects. The damage they cause will help in identifying the pest insect.

Sucking insects insert their beak (proboscis) into the tissues of leaves, twigs, branches, flowers, or fruit and then feed on the plant’s juices. Some examples of sucking insects are aphids, mealybugs, thrips, and leafhoppers. Damage caused by these pests is often indicated by discoloration, drooping, wilting, leaf spots (stippling), honeydew, or general lack of vitality in the affected plant.

Boring insects spend time feeding beneath the bark of a tree as larvae. Some borers kill twigs and leaders when adults feed or when eggs hatch into larvae that bore into the stem and subsequently develop into adults. Other borers, such as bark beetles, mate at or near the bark surface, and adults lay eggs in tunnels beneath the bark.

Treatment

The treatment method used for a particular insect or disease problem will depend on the species involved, the extent of the problem, and a variety of other factors specific to the situation and local regulations. Always consult an ISA Certified Arborist if you have any doubt about the nature of the problem or the proper treatment method to use.

Going Forward With Your Tree Care

We look forward to helping you with all of your tree removal and tree trimming needs. When, and if,  you have any questions about your trees, shrubs, or any other greenery on your property, we can help. We look forward to hearing from you soon because we are your Kennewick tree maintenance specialists.

home title

Here at Top Tree LLC, we offer our guidance, experience, and knowledge to all of our clients and potential clients with a high level of passion.  We look forward to talking shop with you and no matter what, we welcome any questions you have regarding your trees and plants on your property.

Diseases

Three things are required for a disease to develop:

  • a pathogen (the disease-causing agent)
  • a plant susceptibility to that particular pathogen
  • an environment suitable for disease development

Plants vary in susceptibility to pathogens. Many disease-prevention programs focus on the use of pathogen-resistant plant varieties. Diseases can be classified into two broad categories:

  • Infectious: transmittable diseases caused by microscopic living agents
  • Non-infectious: non-transmittable diseases that are inherited or the result of non-living agents  

Examples of infectious agents include fungi, protozoa, viruses, and bacteria. Non-infectious diseases, which account for the majority of plant problems in urban areas, can be caused by such factors as compacted soil, nutrient deficiencies, temperature extremes, vandalism, pollutants, and fluctuations in moisture. Non-infectious disorders often produce symptoms similar to those caused by infectious diseases; therefore, it is essential to distinguish between the two to determine proper treatment options.

Insects

Some insects can cause injury and damage to trees and shrubs. In many cases, however, the insect problem is secondary to problems brought on by a stress disorder or pathogen. It is important to remember that most insects are beneficial rather than destructive. They help with pollination or act as predators of more harmful species. Therefore, killing all insects without regard to their kind and function can actually be detrimental to tree health. Insects may be divided into three categories according to their method of feeding: chewing, sucking, and boring. Insects from each group have characteristic patterns of damage that help with diagnosis.

Going Forward With Your Tree Care

We look forward to helping you with all of your tree removal and tree trimming needs. When, and if,  you have any questions about your trees, shrubs, or any other greenery on your property, we can help. We look forward to hearing from you soon because we are your Richland tree maintenance specialists.

home title

Here at Top Tree LLC, we offer our guidance, experience, and knowledge to all of our clients and potential clients with a high level of passion. We look forward to talking shop with you and no matter what, we welcome any questions you have regarding your trees and plants on your property.

Diagnosis

Correct diagnosis of plant health problems requires a careful examination of the situation.

  1. Accurately identify the plant. Many insects and diseases are plant-specific. This helps limit the list of suspected diseases and disorders.
  2. Look for a pattern of abnormality. Compare the affected plant with other plants on the site, especially those of the same species. Non-uniform damage patterns may indicate insects or diseases. Uniform damage over a large area (perhaps across several plant species) usually indicates disorders caused by such factors as physical injury, poor drainage, chemical damage, or weather.
  3. Carefully examine the landscape. The history of the property and adjacent land may reveal many problems. Most living pathogens take a relatively long time to spread throughout an area, so if a large percentage of plants becomes affected virtually overnight, a pathogen or insect is probably not involved.
  4. Examine the roots. Brown- or black-colored roots may signal problems. Brown roots often indicate dry soil conditions or the presence of toxic chemicals. Black roots usually reflect overly wet soil or the presence of root-rotting organisms.
  5. Check the trunk and branches. Wounds caused by weather, fire, mechanical damage, or animals can provide entrances for pathogens and wood-rotting organisms. Large defects may indicate a potentially hazardous tree.
  6. Note the position and appearance of affected leaves. Dead leaves at the top of the tree are often the result of environmental or mechanical root stress.

Twisted or curled leaves may indicate viral infection, insect feeding, or exposure to herbicides. The size and color of the foliage may tell a great deal about the plant’s condition.

Going Forward With Your Tree Care
We look forward to helping you with all of your tree removal and tree trimming needs. When, and if, you have any questions about your trees, shrubs, or any other greenery on your property, we can help. We look forward to hearing from you soon because we are your West Richland tree maintenance specialists.

home title

Here at Top Tree LLC, we offer our guidance, experience, and knowledge to all of our clients and potential clients with a high level of passion. We look forward to talking shop with you and no matter what, we welcome any questions you have regarding your trees and plants on your property.

Insect and Disease and Problems
Improve your knowledge about insects and diseases that may affect tree health and learn proper steps for diagnosis. Insects and diseases can threaten tree health. As soon as you notice any abnormality in your tree’s appearance, you should begin a careful examination of the problem. By identifying the specific symptoms of damage and understanding their causes, you may be able to diagnose the problem and select an appropriate treatment.

Stress
Plant health requires sufficient water and light and a proper balance of nutrients. Too much or too little of any of these environmental elements may cause plant stress. Trees deal with environmental stresses, such as shading and competition for water and nutrients, by adjusting their growth and development patterns to reflect the availability of the resources. Although trees are adapted to living in stressful conditions in nature, many times the stresses they experience in the landscape are more severe than they can handle and may make them more susceptible to certain insects and diseases.

Going Forward With Your Tree Care
We look forward to helping you with all of your tree maintenance and tree trimming needs. When, and if, you have any questions about your trees, shrubs, or any other greenery on your property, we can help. We look forward to hearing from you soon because we are your Pasco tree removal specialists.

home title

Here at Top Tree LLC, we offer our guidance, experience, and knowledge to all of our clients and potential clients with a high level of passion. We look forward to talking shop with you and no matter what, we welcome any questions you have regarding your trees and plants on your property.

Problems Associated with Improper Mulching

  • On wet soils, deep mulch can lead to excess moisture in the root zone, which can stress the plant and cause root rot.
  • Piling mulch against the trunk or stems of plants can stress stem tissues and may lead to the development of insect and disease problems or stem girdling roots.
  • Some mulches, especially those containing fresh grass clippings, can affect soil pH and may eventually lead to nutrient deficiencies or toxic buildups.
  • Mulch piled high against the trunks of young trees may create habitats for rodents that chew the bark and can girdle the trees.
  • Thick blankets of fine mulch can become matted and may reduce the penetration of water and air.
  • Anaerobic “sour” mulch may give off pungent odors, and the alcohols and organic acids that build up may be toxic to young plants.

Proper Mulching Techniques
The choice of mulch and the method of application can be important to the health of landscape plants. The following are some guidelines to use when applying mulch:

  • Determine whether soil drainage is adequate and if there are plants that may be affected by the choice of mulch. Most commonly available mulches work well in most landscapes. Some plants may benefit from the use of slightly acidifying mulch, such as pine bark.
  • For well drained sites, apply a one to three inch layer of mulch. Coarse mulches can be applied slightly deeper without harm. Place mulch out to the edge of a tree’s crown or beyond.
  • If mulch is already present, check the depth. If sufficient mulch is present, break up any matted layers and refresh the appearance with a rake. Some landscape maintenance companies spray mulch with a water-soluble, vegetable-based dye to add color to faded material.
  • If mulch is piled against the stems or tree trunks, pull it back several inches/centimeters so that the base of the trunk is exposed. Composted wood chips can make good mulch, especially when they include some bark and leaves. Fresh wood chips also may be used around established trees and shrubs. Avoid using fine, non-composted wood chips, as soil nitrogen may be taken up by the roots as the wood chips decompose.

Going Forward With Your Tree Care
We look forward to helping you with all of your tree maintenance and tree trimming needs. When, and if, you have any questions about your trees, shrubs, or any other greenery on your property, we can help. We look forward to hearing from you soon because we are your Pasco tree removal specialists.

home title

Here at Top Tree LLC, we offer our guidance, experience, and knowledge to all of our clients and potential clients with a high level of passion. We look forward to talking shop with you and no matter what, we welcome any questions you have regarding your trees and plants on your property.

Types of Mulch
Mulches are available in many forms. The two major types of mulch are inorganic and organic. Inorganic mulches include different types of rock, lava rock, rubber, fabrics, etc. Inorganic mulches do not decompose and do not need to be replenished often. On the other hand, they do not improve soil structure, add organic materials, or provide nutrients. For these reasons, most horticulturists and arborists prefer organic mulches.

Organic mulches include wood chips, pine tree needles, bark, cocoa hulls, leaves, compost mixes, and other products usually made from plants. Organic mulches decompose in the landscape at different rates depending on the material, climate, and soil microorganisms present. Those that decompose faster must be replenished more often. Because the decomposition process improves soil quality and fertility, many arborists and other landscape professionals consider that characteristic a positive one, despite the added maintenance.

Not Too Much Mulch!
As beneficial as mulch is, too much can be harmful. The generally recommended mulching depth is one to three inches. Sadly, many landscapes are falling victim to a plague of over mulching.  While organic mulches must be replenished over time, buildup can occur if reapplication outpaces decomposition or if new material is added simply to refresh color. Deep mulch can be effective in suppressing weeds and reducing maintenance, but it often causes additional problems.

Going Forward With Your Tree Care
We look forward to helping you with all of your tree maintenance and tree trimming needs. When, and if, you have any questions about your trees, shrubs, or any other greenery on your property, we can help. We look forward to hearing from you soon because we are your Pasco tree removal specialists.

home title

Here at Top Tree LLC, we offer our guidance, experience, and knowledge to all of our clients and potential clients with a high level of passion. We look forward to talking shop with you and no matter what, we welcome any questions you have regarding your trees and plants on your property.

Proper Mulching Techniques

Mulching is one of the most beneficial practices you can use for better tree health. Mulches are materials placed over the soil surface to keep moisture consistent and improve soil conditions. Mulching is one of the most beneficial acts a homeowner can do for the health of a tree. However, poor mulching materials and practices may have little, or even negative, impact on the trees in your landscape.

Benefits of Proper Mulching

  • Helps reduce soil moisture loss through evaporation
  • Helps control weed germination and growth
  • Insulates soil
  • Can improve soil biology, aeration, structure (aggregation of soil particles), and drainage over time
  • Can improve soil fertility as certain mulch types decompose
  • Inhibits certain plant diseases
  • Reduces the likelihood of tree damage
  • Gives planting beds a uniform, well-cared-for look

Trees growing in a natural forest environment have their roots anchored in a rich, well-aerated soil full of essential nutrients and soil microorganisms. The soil is blanketed by leaves, organic materials, and living organisms that replenish and recycle nutrients. This environment is optimal for root growth and mineral uptake. Urban landscapes and new developments, however, are typically harsher environments with poor quality soils, reduced organic matter, and large fluctuations in soil temperature and moisture. Applying a 1 to 3 inch layer of mulch can act like a more natural environment and improve plant health.

Going Forward With Your Tree Care
We look forward to helping you with all of your tree maintenance and tree trimming needs. When, and if, you have any questions about your trees, shrubs, or any other greenery on your property, we can help. We look forward to hearing from you soon because we are your Pasco tree removal specialists.

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